Vilandai Vel

Vilandai in Udaiyarpalayam taluk was the Capital of the chief Vilandai Vel who was defeated by Kochenganan, the last ruler of the Sangam Age. It was also the Head Quarters of Vilandaikurram which formed a part of Irungolappadi region which was ruled by Irungovel of Pidavur who was a contemporary of Karikalachola.

Irungovel was one of the Velir Chiefs of the sangam age, who ruled from his capital city “Pidavur” was defeated by Karikala Chola. His capital city “Pidavur” has been identified with the modern “Pudaiyur” in Kattumannar Kudi Taluk. Imperial cholas inscriptions refers a territory called “Irungolappadi”, which comprising parts of Udaiyarpalayam, Kattumannarkudi, Tittakudi, Virudachalam taluks on both the banks of the vellar river (The river vellar obtained its name from the Velir as “Vel Aar” (வேலாறு). The “Irungolappadi” was ruled by the “Irungolar Chieftains” during imperial cholas times. The “Vilandai Kuttram” was one of the nadu which existed in the “Irungolappadi Region” was ruled by “Vilandai Vel”, a chief of Vilandai in the sangam period.
During the period of Vikrama Chola in the year 1130 A.D, a Velir Chieftain named “Palli Kuttan Madurantakan alias Irungola Raman” referred in the Pennadam inscription (A.R.E. No.259 of 1928-29, Tittakudi Taluk). He belongs to “Vanniya Caste”. The “Erumbur” (situated on the northern bank of river Vellar) inscription mentions a Velir Chieftain named “Irungolan Gunavan Aparajitan” as a feudatory to Parantaka Chola-I.


Kodumbalur Velir

The “Kodumbalur Irrukku Velir”, who ruled the province called “Ko Nadu” were referred as “Velan” (வேளான்) in chola inscriptions. Being “Kshatriyas”, they had their matrimonial affairs with imperial cholas and other “Kshatriya” clans. One of the “Tirumalpur Inscription” says :-
“கோ நாட்டுக் கொடும்பாளூர் வீரசோழ இளங்கோ வேளான் மகன் ஆதிச்சபிடாரன் என்பவன் கோவிந்தபாடியில்இருந்த மடம் ஒன்றுக்கு கொடைகள் கொடுத்திருக்கிறான்” (A.R.E. No.306 of 1906).
க்ஷத்ரிய சிங்க மூவேந்த வேளாரும், (A.R.E. 1916 Intro P.119)
Appended below is the “velir” (Kshatriya) inscription, which categorically says “Velar” (வேளார்) :-
“ஸ்ரீ இரண சிங்கத் துவராபதி வேளார் படை நாயகன் காரிசாத்தன் உடும்பகுடி நிரைகொள்ள பின்பு எறிந்துபட்டான் பள்ளி வேளாசாரிகள் சிய்…….”
It records the death of “Palli Velasarikal” while the herds have been plundered at vudumba-kudi by Karisattan, the commander of the army of “Iranasinga Tuvarapathi Velar”
(Select Inscriptions of Tamil Nadu, Serial No : V : 1A, Page 130 & 131), (Department of Archaeology, Govt of Tamil Nadu), (Dindugal, Natham, Ulupakudi, 8th Century A.D).